Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression

What is the definition of metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC)?

MSCC occurs when cancer cells spread from the prostate develop in or near the spine and push on the spinal cord. It’s also known as malignant spinal cord compression or spinal cord compression. Cancer cells on the spinal cord can disrupt how the messages are transmitted. This can result in a variety of symptoms that can worsen if left untreated. For example, you may find it more challenging to move around.  

MSCC (metastatic spinal cord compression) is a well-known cancer complication that usually manifests as an oncological emergency. Metastases to the spine occur in 3–5% of all cancer patients and are more common in breast, prostate, and lung cancer, where the occurrence is 19%. The exact prevalence of MSCC is unknown, but it is estimated to affect about 15% of patients with advanced cancer. 

MSCC, in its most severe form, can cause nerve damage and even paralysis.  

What are the common symptoms of MSCC?

Soreness or pain in your lower, middle, or upper back or neck.
A narrow band of pain radiates from your chest or abdomen (stomach area) and can spread to your back, thighs, or legs.
The sensation of pain lays down your arms or legs.
Arm or leg weakness or loss of control, as well as difficulty, standing or walking.
Numbness or tingling that persists in your legs, arms, fingers, toes, buttocks, stomach area, or chest.
Control issues with your bladder or bowel.

MSCC is caused by an extradural or intradural mass compressing the dural sac and its contents (spinal cord or cauda equina), resulting in irreversible neurological damage such as paraplegia or tetraplegia based on the scale of the lesion. Extradural masses are the most prevalent, and this review will focus on their causes and presentation. 

A hematogenous spread with bony metastasis causes over 85 percent of MSCC to the vertebral spine, which causes collapse and compression. However, two other recognized mechanisms are local tumor extension into the spinal cord and tumor cell deposition directly within the spinal cord from a distant tumor. 

Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to preventing permanent neurological damage, so specialist recognition, as well as quick referral pathways and metastatic spinal cord compression treatment, are needed. Get in touch with expert neurosurgeon Dr. Nitin Jagdhane in Mumbai for metastatic spinal cord compression treatment

How is the diagnosis of Metastatic Spinal Cord Tumor made?

What are the treatments available for Metastatic Spinal Cord Tumor?

What are the operations/ surgical treatments available for Metastatic Spinal Cord Tumor?

Dr. Nitin Jagdhane is one of the best Neurosurgeon and Spine specialists for diagnosing Metastatic spinal cord compression issues in Mumbai, India. Get in touch with Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, brain and spine specialist in Mumbai, for the best results for your Metastatic spinal cord compression issues.