What are the different types of Tuberculosis?

Latent TB – Your body contains bacteria, but your immune system does not allow it from spreading. You are not contagious and don’t have any symptoms; however, the virus is still alive and could become active at any point in time. If you are at high risk for reactivation, such as HIV patients, have had an infection in the past two years, have an abnormal chest X-ray, or have a weakened immune system, your doctor will prescribe drugs to prevent active TB. 

Active TB – The bacteria grow and cause you to become ill. You can transfer the sickness to others. In adults, most of the active cases are caused by latent tuberculosis infection. 

What are the Common Signs & Symptoms of TB?

A cough that lasts more than three weeks
Chest pain
Coughing up blood
Feeling tired all the time
Night sweats
Loss of appetite
Weight loss

What are the different causes of Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from the air. You will only then contract Tuberculosis if you come into contact with someone who has it.

Which treatment is available for TB?

If you have latent Tuberculosis, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to destroy the germs and disallow the infection from becoming active. The medicines Isoniazid, rifapentine, or rifampin may be given separately or in combination. You may need to take the medication for up to 9 months. Call your doctor straight away if you notice any signs of active Tuberculosis. 

Active Tuberculosis is also treated with a mix of medicines. Ethambutol, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and rifampin are some of the most prevalent. 

If you have drug-resistant Tuberculosis, the doctor will prescribe one or more medications. However, you may have to take them for a more extended period, up to 30 months, and you may experience more significant adverse effects. 

Dr. Nitin Jagdhane is one of the best Neurosurgeon and Spine specialists for doing an accurate diagnosis and the best suggestion on Tuberculosis in Mumbai, India. Get in touch with Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, brain and spine specialist in Mumbai, for the best results for your Tuberculosis treatment.