What is a glioma?

A glioma is a form of brain tumor that is very frequent. Gliomas, which arise in the glial cells that surround and support neurons in the brain, account for around 33% of all brain cancers. 

Because gliomas grow within the brain’s structure and frequently interact with normal brain tissue, they’re called intra-axial brain tumors.

What are the types of glioma?

 Based on the differentiation pattern, Glioma are classified in 4 grades as per WHO classification such as 

Grade 1 & 2 are considered Low grade Gliomas

Grade 3 & 4 are considered High grade Gliomas

Grade 4 Glioma is the worst tumor with poor life expectancy also known as Glioblastoma Multiforme.

The glioma types based on location and grade include:

Brain stem gliomas
Mixed gliomas
Optic pathway gliomas

What are the symptoms of glioblastoma?

The most common, including glioblastoma symptoms are: 

Personality changes
Weakness in the arms, face, or legs
Problems with speech
Nausea and vomiting
Vision loss

How is the diagnosis of gliomas done?

Medical history and physical exam
Neurological exam
Imaging tests like CT scan, MRI and MR spectroscopy
Biopsy- Open or Stereotactic biopsy

How is the diagnosis of gliomas done?

The optimum treatment for a given patient is determined by the tumor’s location, probable symptoms, and the benefits and hazards of various treatment methods (modalities). Surgery is the definitive treatment in resectable tumors followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In in-operable tumors, stereotactic biopsy followed by palliative radiotherapy is given.

Dr Nitin Jagdhane is one of the best Neurosurgeon and brain tumor specialists for Glioma Surgery treatment in Mumbai, India. Get in touch with Dr. Nitin Jagdhane, brain and spine specialist in Mumbai, for the best results for your Glioma treatment.