A cavernous angioma or cavernous malformation or cavernoma is an abnormal collection of blood vessels that is often described to mimic a “blackberry” or “mulberry” in appearance.
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are defects in the vascular system, consisting of tangles of abnormal blood vessels (nidus) in which the feeding arteries are directly
Spinal Arteriovenous Fistula
Fistula” means abnormal connection between two structures that are normally not connected. An arteriovenous fistula is therefore an abnormal connection between